Different stages of prostate cancer will require different treatments.

How is early prostate cancer treated?

Early cancers are usually dealt with in one of three ways, by:

Although any one of them may be most appropriate for you, these treatments can have very different effects on your quality of life, so you have an important part to play in making an informed choice. A number of other treatments such as cryosurgery, laser therapy and
high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are available in some places. Because these treatments are relatively new, not enough time has passed to know whether they are any more or less effective for early prostate cancer. You may be invited to join a clinical trial of one of these treatments.

Early prostate cancer treatment options

What is active surveillance?

Active surveillance involves regular check-ups to monitor the prostate cancer. You will have to go to an outpatients clinic or GP surgery every three to six months for a PSA test and sometimes repeat scans and biopsies. The doctor will be looking for a rise in your PSA level or any change in your condition. If this happens, you may be offered radical
treatment.

What will happen to my cancer during active surveillance?

Assuming it is a slow growing cancer that will not affect your life expectancy, you will avoid the complications of radical treatment. Active surveillance is the best option for men with low risk prostate cancer. If the cancer starts to grow on active surveillance or you change your mind, you can still be treated with radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy.

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